Egyptian buffalo were originally from surrounding countries such as India, Iran and
Iraq. According to some, this happened around the 7th century. From then, buffaloes
have become a vital part of the economy and household life. They have provided meat,
milk and leather for hundreds of years. There is no distinction between the buffalo,
except the region from which it is found.
The Egyptian buffalo has a dark grey hide with lyre or sword shaped horns. The head is considered long with hanging ears. The body is long and set wide by the ribs
with the rump tilting downward, allowing for the tail to be set low. The Egyptian
buffalo produces milk around 280 days out of the year and yields around 1200 kg. The
buffalo is most often found around the Nile Delta or the areas that are a mix of rural
and urban landscape.
Moioli, Bianca, and Antonio Boghese. BUFFALO BREEDS AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, n.d. PDF. Istituto
Sperimentale per la Zootecnia (Animal Production Research Institute) Via Salaria 31,
00016 Monterotondo (Rome), Italy