The Tswana are of the Sanga cattle type, similar to the Tuli and Barotse. These cattle
were brought into the area by the Tswana people who settled in the Ngami region of
Botswana early in the 19th century. The Tswana cattle eventually displaced practically
all of the cattle native to the region.
Tswana cattle are generally red pied, black or black pied with long horns. In composition
they are a well built breed showing good fleshing with moderately long legs. Mature
females weight approximately 360 kg (800 pounds) and males 480 kg (1100 pounds).
Genus Bos: Cattle Breeds of the World, 1985, MSO-AGVET (Merck & Co., Inc.), Rahway,
Mason, I.L. 1996. A World Dictionary of Livestock Breeds, Types and Varieties. Fourth
Edition. C.A.B International. 273 pp.