Skip to main content

Breeds of Livestock

Open Main MenuClose Main Menu

A Kalmyk camel in a dry, desolate area.The Kalmyk breed is considered an improved one. They are large animals with well-developed skeleton, musculature and hair cover and have a great capacity for carrying loads and for work.


The females have a live weight of 650-700 kg, net meat yield 56.8%, wool yield 8 kg. Their milk yield is 10-15% less than that of the Kazakh breed and the milk-fat content is 5.5%. The average live weight of breeding males is 760 kg (maximum of 1042 kg) with a meat yield of 60%  and wool yield 10-13 kg.


Kalmyk Bactrians are reared primarily in the Kalmyk ASSR, Astrakhan region of RSFSR and in Guryev, Mangyshlak, Ural and Kzyl-Orda of the Kazakah SSR.




Dmitriez, N.G. and Ernst, L.K. (1989) Animal Genetic Resources of the USSR. Animal Production and Health Paper Publ. by FAO, Rome, 517 pp.

Back To Top