The Kalmyk breed is considered an improved one. They are large animals with well-developed
skeleton, musculature and hair cover and have a great capacity for carrying loads
and for work.
The females have a live weight of 650-700 kg, net meat yield 56.8%, wool yield 8 kg.
Their milk yield is 10-15% less than that of the Kazakh breed and the milk-fat content
is 5.5%. The average live weight of breeding males is 760 kg (maximum of 1042 kg)
with a meat yield of 60% and wool yield 10-13 kg.
Kalmyk Bactrians are reared primarily in the Kalmyk ASSR, Astrakhan region of RSFSR
and in Guryev, Mangyshlak, Ural and Kzyl-Orda of the Kazakah SSR.
Dmitriez, N.G. and Ernst, L.K. (1989) Animal Genetic Resources of the USSR. Animal
Production and Health Paper Publ. by FAO, Rome, 517 pp.